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#26 07-08-2016 10:31:13

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Manger des huîtres ne fait pas de mal (même pas aux huîtres)
http://www.slate.fr/story/19805/manger- … vegetarien

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#27 28-08-2016 14:09:12

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Field Cameras Catch Deer Eating Birds—Wait, Why Do Deer Eat Birds?
http://io9.gizmodo.com/field-cameras-ca … 1689440870

Deer eating a bird
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sQOQdBLHrLk

Biologists Have Learned Something Horrifying About Prairie Dogs
http://gizmodo.com/biologists-have-lear … 1766604141

First Proof Gorillas Eat Monkeys?
Mammal DNA has been found in gorilla feces—suggesting that maybe, just maybe, the big apes eat meat after all.
https://relay.nationalgeographic.com/pr … -feces-dna

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#28 05-09-2016 11:55:20

Fabien
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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Photo comparant les mâchoires d'un chimpanzé, d'un afarensis et d'un sapiens.
Différences considérables de volume de broyage.
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CrialT0VIAAzz2o.jpg

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#29 07-09-2016 09:52:11

Fabien
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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Les transhumanistes aiment l'idée végan...
Et ont peur d'être jugés par leur dieu, l'IA.

http://singularityhub.com/2016/07/06/in … ign=buffer

Dernière modification par Fabien (07-09-2016 11:21:51)

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#30 25-09-2016 18:54:10

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Archeological Breakthrough Indicates Hominin Predecessors Were Sophisticated Hunters
http://thepaleodiet.com/archeological-b … d-hunters/

Neanderthal medics? Evidence for food, cooking, and medicinal plants entrapped in dental calculus
http://link.springer.com/article/10.100 … 012-0942-0

Human Ancestors Were Nearly All Vegetarians
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/gue … getarians/

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#31 25-09-2016 19:46:25

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Viande rouge : attention au risque de diabète !
http://www.lanutrition.fr/les-news/vian … abete.html

Le poisson préviendrait le diabète
http://www.passeportsante.net/fr/Actual … 2006051000

Consommer des oeufs réduirait le risque de diabète
http://testavis.fr/consommer-oeufs-redu … s-diabete/

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#32 30-04-2017 09:03:49

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A Collection Of Rebuttals To Cowspiracy And Other Anti-Holistic Management Propaganda
http://regenerateland.info/2015/12/24/a … ropaganda/

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#33 10-08-2017 15:15:01

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Un mémoire de master.
The impact of vegan diet on health and growth of children and adolescents – Literature review
https://www.researchgate.net/publicatio … ure_review

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#34 04-09-2017 13:56:04

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Association between self-reported vegetarian diet and the irritable bowel syndrome in the French NutriNet cohort.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28841661

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#35 14-12-2017 14:55:20

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#36 29-12-2017 22:35:08

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Meat Consumption During Pregnancy and Substance Misuse Among Adolescent Offspring: Stratification of TCN2 Genetic Variants.
Hibbeln JR1, SanGiovanni JP1,2, Golding J3, Emmett PM3, Northstone K3, Davis JM4, Schuckit M5, Heron J3.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28975627

Abstract
BACKGROUND:

Reducing meat consumption is often advised; however, inadvertent nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy may result in residual neurodevelopmental harms to offspring. This study assessed possible effects of maternal diets in pregnancy on adverse substance use among adolescent offspring.
METHODS:

Pregnant women and their 13-year-old offspring taking part in a prospective birth cohort study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), provided Food Frequency Questionnaire data from which dietary patterns were derived using principal components analysis. Multivariable logistic regression models including potential confounders evaluated adverse alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco use of the children at 15 years of age.
RESULTS:

Lower maternal meat consumption was associated with greater problematic substance use among 15-year-old offspring in dose-response patterns. Comparing never to daily meat consumption after adjustment, risks were greater for all categories of problem substance use: alcohol, odds ratio OR = 1.75, 95% CI = (1.23, 2.56), p < 0.001; tobacco use OR = 1.85, 95% CI = (1.28, 2.63), p < 0.001; and cannabis OR = 2.70, 95% CI = (1.89, 4.00), p < 0.001. Given the likelihood of residual confounding, potential causality was evaluated using stratification for maternal allelic variants that impact biological activity of cobalamin (vitamin B12) and iron. Lower meat consumption disproportionally increased the risks of offspring substance misuse among mothers with optimally functional (homozygous) variants (rs1801198) of the gene transcobalamin 2 gene (TCN2) which encodes the vitamin B12 transport protein transcobalamin 2 implicating a causal role for cobalamin deficits. Functional maternal variants in iron metabolism were unrelated to the adverse substance use. Risks potentially attributable to cobalamin deficits during pregnancy include adverse adolescent alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco use (14, 37, and 23, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS:

Lower prenatal meat consumption was associated with increased risks of adolescent substance misuse. Interactions between TCN2 variant status and meat intake implicate cobalamin deficiencies.

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#37 28-01-2018 10:32:55

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

EPIC Oxford : risque accru de fractures chez les Végans.


Comparative fracture risk in vegetarians and nonvegetarians in EPIC-Oxford
P Appleby, A Roddam, N Allen and T Key, 2007
http://tier-im-fokus.ch/wp-content/uplo … y_2007.pdf

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Mortalité équivalente entre végétariens et non-végétariens dans 3 études, dont EPIC :
Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford
Timothy J Key, Paul N Appleby, Gwyneth K Davey, Naomi E Allen, Elizabeth A Spencer, and Ruth C Travis, 2003
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/78/3/533S.full

Comparing vegetarians with nonvegetarians within each cohort, the death rate ratios (DRRs), adjusted for age, sex and smoking, were 1.03 (0.95, 1.13) in the Health Food Shoppers Study, 1.01 (0.89, 1.14) in the Oxford Vegetarian Study, and 1.05 (0.86, 1.27) in EPIC-Oxford.

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Dans cet article de la série EPIC, on apprend qu'on ne distingue pas végans et végétariens, et que 23% des "végétariens" consomment soit occasionnellement de la viande, soit éventuellement plus régulièrement du poisson. Ici, le taux de mortalité des végétariens est significativement inférieur à celui des non-végétariens :

The Oxford Vegetarian Study: an overview
1–3
Paul N Appleby, Margaret Thorogood, Jim I Mann, and Timothy JA Key, 1999
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/70/3/525s.full.pdf

Mortality  in  the  Oxford  Vegetarian  Study  was  first  studied
after  an  average  of  12  y  of  follow-up  (10).  Subjects  were
divided  into  meat  eaters  (who  ate  meat  at  least  once  a  week)
and non-meat-eaters (all others). Most of the non-meat-eaters
were  vegetarian  or  vegan,  although  23%  of  the  non-meat-
eaters ate meat occasionally but less than once a week, or ate
fish, or  both.  Standardized  mortality  ratios  (SMRs)  were  cal-
culated for all causes of death, ischemic heart disease (ICD-9
410–414),  and  all  malignant  neoplasms  (ICD-9  140–208),
based  on  404  deaths  before  age  80  y  during  the  follow-up
period (3). As expected, the death rate was significantly lower
in  the  whole  cohort  than  in  the  reference  population  of  Eng-
land and Wales, with SMRs (and 95% CIs) of 0.46 (0.42, 0.51)
for all causes of death, 0.38 (0.30, 0.46) for ischemic heart dis-
ease,  and  0.62  (0.53,  0.73)  for  all  malignant  neoplasms.  The
lower death rates were attributed to the so-called healthy vol-
unteer  effect  and  the  fact  that  subjects  were  recruited  from  a
health-conscious  sector  of  the  population.  Within  the  cohort,
death rates were lower in the non-meat-eaters than in the meat
eaters  for  all  3  endpoints.  After  adjusting  for  differences  in
smoking  habits, body  mass  index, and  social  class, the  death
rate  ratios  (and  95%  CIs)  for  the  non-meat-eaters  compared
with  the  meat  eaters  were  0.80  (0.65,  0.99)  for  all  causes  of
death,  0.72  (0.47,  1.10)  for  ischemic  heart  disease,  and  0.61
(0.44, 0.84) for all malignant neoplasms. The results were sim-
ilar for men and women and also after restricting the analysis
to subjects who had never smoked.

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#38 09-02-2018 11:05:52

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

"As maternal condition declines, the adult female tends to produce a lower ratio of males to females." http://joelvelasco.net/teaching/5330(fa … _ratio.pdf

Will ajouté,
George Henderson
@puddleg
Is Vegetarianism Healthy for Children? Good review.
"the sex ratio was considerably lower among children born to vegetarians compared with those born to omnivores: 81.5:100 vs. 106:100. That is, vegetarians were 23% less likely to give birth to a boy."

23:56 - 8 févr. 2018

https://twitter.com/Evolving_Moloch/sta … 5974401024

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#39 13-02-2018 22:06:17

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

Meal rich in carbohydrate, but not protein or fat, reveals adverse immunometabolic responses associated with obesity
https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/ar … 016-0219-0

The Association Between Protein Intake by Source and Osteoporotic Fracture in Older Men: A Prospective Cohort Study.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27943394

Remission of pre-diabetes to normal
glucose tolerance in obese adults with
high protein versus high carbohydrate
diet: randomized control trial
http://drc.bmj.com/content/bmjdrc/4/1/e000258.full.pdf

A high-protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, ad libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations
https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/82/1/41/4649137

Recent developments in understanding protein needs – How much and what kind should we eat?1
http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs … oNEP3xG3IU

Relationship between animal protein intake and muscle mass index in healthy women.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/19678968/

Bone turnover, calcium homeostasis, and vitamin D status in Danish vegans
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-017-0081-y

Orthorexic and restrained eating behaviour in vegans, vegetarians, and individuals on a diet
https://link.springer.com/article/10.10 … 018-0479-0

The pros and cons of phytoestrogens
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3074428/

Mort subite et oméga 3 à chaine longue
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DVpBg2GVAAAUOxZ.jpg

Consommation de viande à Okinawa pourrait être supérieure à la moyenne japonaise
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DVEAf_qVoAAmlz6.jpg

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#40 13-02-2018 23:32:10

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Cholestérol

Influence of serum triglyceride levels on the risk for myocardial infarction in 12 510 middle aged males: interaction with serum cholesterol
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a … Dihub#TBL2
https://twitter.com/gfj1979/status/959529493500235776

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#41 13-02-2018 23:41:02

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Re : Végétarisme / véganisme

A Comprehensive List of Low Carb Research
https://blog.virtahealth.com/low-carb-r … sive-list/

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#42 18-02-2018 11:38:44

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Cholesterol Absorption and Synthesis in Vegetarians and Omnivores
10 February 2018
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi … 9/abstract

Scope

: Vegetarian diets are considered health promoting, however, a plasma cholesterol lowering effect is not always observed. We investigated the link between vegetarian diet-induced alterations in cholesterol metabolism.
Methods and results

: We studied male and female omnivores, lacto-ovo vegetarians, lacto vegetarians and vegans. Cholesterol intake, absorption and fecal sterol excretion were measured as well as plasma concentrations of cholesterol and non-cholesterol sterols. These served as markers for cholesterol absorption, synthesis and catabolism. The biliary cholesterol secretion rate was estimated. Flux data were related to bodyweight. Individual vegetarian diet groups were statistically compared to the omnivore group. Lacto vegetarians absorbed 44% less dietary cholesterol, synthesized 22% more cholesterol and showed no differences in plasma total and LDL cholesterol. Vegan subjects absorbed 90% less dietary cholesterol, synthesized 35% more cholesterol and had a similar plasma total cholesterol, but a 13% lower plasma LDL cholesterol. No diet-related differences in biliary cholesterol secretion and absorption were observed. Total cholesterol absorption was lower only in vegans. Total cholesterol input was similar under all vegetarian diets.
Conclusions

: Unaltered biliary cholesterol secretion and higher cholesterol synthesis blunt the lowered dietary cholesterol intake in vegetarians. LDL cholesterol was significantly lower only in vegans.

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