1000 idées pour la Corse

Discussions et organisation de projets pour la Corse

Vous n'êtes pas identifié(e).

#26 29-12-2017 14:52:18

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Two types of aggression in human evolution

    Richard W. Wranghama,1
http://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/early/ … tract.html


Abstract

Two major types of aggression, proactive and reactive, are associated with contrasting expression, eliciting factors, neural pathways, development, and function. The distinction is useful for understanding the nature and evolution of human aggression. Compared with many primates, humans have a high propensity for proactive aggression, a trait shared with chimpanzees but not bonobos. By contrast, humans have a low propensity for reactive aggression compared with chimpanzees, and in this respect humans are more bonobo-like. The bimodal classification of human aggression helps solve two important puzzles. First, a long-standing debate about the significance of aggression in human nature is misconceived, because both positions are partly correct. The Hobbes–Huxley position rightly recognizes the high potential for proactive violence, while the Rousseau–Kropotkin position correctly notes the low frequency of reactive aggression. Second, the occurrence of two major types of human aggression solves the execution paradox, concerned with the hypothesized effects of capital punishment on self-domestication in the Pleistocene. The puzzle is that the propensity for aggressive behavior was supposedly reduced as a result of being selected against by capital punishment, but capital punishment is itself an aggressive behavior. Since the aggression used by executioners is proactive, the execution paradox is solved to the extent that the aggressive behavior of which victims were accused was frequently reactive, as has been reported. Both types of killing are important in humans, although proactive killing appears to be typically more frequent in war. The biology of proactive aggression is less well known and merits increased attention.


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#27 11-01-2018 16:43:22

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Is the Clock Ticking Toward Doomsday?

The news hints that we are getting closer to Armageddon—but some say we are more peaceful now than in the past. How do we make sense of this contradiction?

https://www.sapiens.org/culture/violenc … ign=buffer


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#28 17-01-2018 08:38:46

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Une très intéressante discussion qui commence avec la violence des Yanomami et se prolonge sur le passé agricole des tribus amazoniennes.

https://twitter.com/clairlemon/status/9 … 1281804288


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#29 25-01-2018 10:54:13

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

"...considerable evidence supports the view that warfare is a strategy by which coalitions of males cooperate to acquire and defend resources necessary for reproduction."

https://twitter.com/Evolving_Moloch/sta … 3189422080

The evolutionary anthropology of war

Luke Glowacki, Michael L. Wilson, Richard W. Wrangham, 2017
https://experts.umn.edu/en/publications … ogy-of-war

Evolutionary anthropologists seek to understand the evolution of warfare across multiple timescales, from the roots of warfare in the intergroup aggression of our primate ancestors, to the causes of warfare among contemporary societies today. While warfare remains a contentious subject, considerable evidence supports the view that warfare is a strategy by which coalitions of males cooperate to acquire and defend resources necessary for reproduction. This strategy is not the result of a single "instinct" for war, but is instead an emergent property resulting from evolved psychological mechanisms (such as xenophobia and parochial altruism). These mechanisms are sensitive to ecological and social conditions, such that the prevalence and patterns of warfare vary according to subsistence strategies, military technology, cultural institutions, and political and economic relations. When economic conditions enable intergroup relations to change from zero-sum to positive-sum games, peaceful intergroup relations can emerge.


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#30 01-03-2018 16:36:25

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

2 types de violence moderne que Pinker & al ne prennent pas en compte, me semble-t-il :
Suicides, avec un taux de l'ordre de 20 pour 100 000 en France (30 pour les hommes), et overdoses, avec un taux atteignant aux US 20 pour 100 000.
http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/20 … demic.html


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#31 11-03-2018 15:30:26

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Violence Nonexistent in Societies Where Infants and Adolescents get Plenty of Pleasurable Touch
December 7, 2017 at 2:51 am
https://returntonow.net/2017/12/07/depr … gist-says/


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#32 21-03-2018 19:56:44

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

The sad and violent history of 'peaceful societies'
March 21, 2018

“...war is almost ubiquitous in the ethnographic record, in the absence of external powers that imposed pacification, and the frequency distribution is skewed sharply towards the high end.” - Ember & Ember (1997)

https://traditionsofconflict.com/blog/2 … -societies


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#33 23-04-2018 11:35:58

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

For early humans, cannibalism more than just a meal (Update)
April 6, 2017 by Marlowe Hood
https://phys.org/news/2017-04-stone-age … assle.html

humansaremuc.jpg


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#34 06-05-2018 08:30:44

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Scientists battle over whether violence has declined over time
Study of wartime deaths suggests that larger populations remain violent but find safety in numbers
By
Bruce Bower
9:00am, October 20, 2017
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/sci … -over-time


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#35 10-05-2018 14:54:53

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Inter-group violence among early Holocene hunter-gatherers of West Turkana, Kenya
M. Mirazón Lahr, F. Rivera, R. K. Power, A. Mounier, B. Copsey, F. Crivellaro, J. E. Edung, J. M. Maillo Fernandez, C. Kiarie, J. Lawrence, A. Leakey, E. Mbua, H. Miller, A. Muigai, D. M. Mukhongo, A. Van Baelen, R. Wood, J.-L. Schwenninger, R. Grün, H. Achyuthan, A. Wilshaw & R. A. Foley, 2016
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature16477

The nature of inter-group relations among prehistoric hunter-gatherers remains disputed, with arguments in favour and against the existence of warfare before the development of sedentary societies1,2. Here we report on a case of inter-group violence towards a group of hunter-gatherers from Nataruk, west of Lake Turkana, which during the late Pleistocene/early Holocene period extended about 30 km beyond its present-day shore3. Ten of the twelve articulated skeletons found at Nataruk show evidence of having died violently at the edge of a lagoon, into which some of the bodies fell. The remains from Nataruk are unique, preserved by the particular conditions of the lagoon with no evidence of deliberate burial. They offer a rare glimpse into the life and death of past foraging people, and evidence that warfare was part of the repertoire of inter-group relations among prehistoric hunter-gatherers.


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#36 01-06-2018 16:53:46

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#37 02-06-2018 11:42:12

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Un point sur lequel Pinker n'est pas très disert : les taux d'incarcération.

U.S._incarceration_rates_1925_onwards.png


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#38 14-06-2018 19:24:57

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Sur les controverses concernant Chagnon et les Yanomami


Pseudoerasmus
@pseudoerasmus

Assessment by @Evolving_Moloch of the debate on Napoleon Chagnon: how much did he actually get right about Yanomami warfare? (Focuses on debate between Chagnon & Ferguson, but not the Tierney controversy. But I wish he commented more on the latter!)
https://twitter.com/pseudoerasmus/statu … 0691843072

Yanomami Warfare: How Much Did Napoleon Chagnon Get Right?
May 24, 2018
https://traditionsofconflict.com/blog/2 … -get-right


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

#39 07-09-2018 22:09:16

Admin
Administrateur
Inscription : 30-07-2013
Messages : 1 042

Re : Recherche/Préhistoire/violence

Sur Pinker
Reality Denial
Steven Pinker’S APologeticS for WeStern-imPeriAl violence

Edward S. Herman & David Peterson 2012
http://coldtype.net/Assets.12/PDFs/0812.PinkerCrit.pdf


Suivez-moi sur Twitter : https://twitter.com/Fabiensapiens
Le compte de 1000 idées pour la Corse  : https://twitter.com/1000idcorse
Le blog 1000 idées pour la Corse : https://1000ideespourlacorse.wordpress.com/

Hors ligne

Pied de page des forums